CILIP definition (2018)
"Information literacy is the ability to think critically and make balanced judgements about any information we find and use. It empowers us as citizens to reach and express informed views and engage fully with society."
UNESCO definition (2005)
"[Information Literacy is] the beacon of the Information Society, illuminating the courses to development, prosperity and freedom. Information literacy empowers people in all walks of life to seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their personal, social, occupational and educational goals. It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion in all nations."
From within the context of higher education, information literacy skills may simply be called research skills. It can be more helpful to use the term 'research skills' with students for clarity.
A student who is information literate, or who displays strong research skills, can be characterised as someone who has shifted from using basic information seeking behaviours (i.e. without applying any critical thinking) to understanding the importance of evaluating material and incorporating into a new and original piece of work.